Interaction of PAHs and PCBs with ecdysone-dependant gene expression and cell proliferation.

E Obersdorster, DM Dottam, FA Wilmot, Martin John Milner, JA McLachlan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study was done to determine whether PAHs and PCBs can interact with the arthropod steroid hormone system, Ecdysteroid molting hormones control growth, molting, and reproduction in arthropods. A spike in 20-OH ecdysone (20 HE) triggers the molt cycle in crustaceans, and earlier studies have shown that PAHs can affect this molt cycle in several crab species. However, the mechanism of this molt cycle interaction is unknown. Both PAHs and PCBs interact with other nuclear receptors; however, nothing is known about their ability to interact with the invertebrate ecdysone receptor (EcR). Four PAHs, benzo[a]pyrene, benzo[b] fluoranthene, pyrene, and chrysene, and the commercial PCB mixture, Aroclor 1254, were used to determine the ability of these classes of compounds to induce ecdysone-dependent reporter gene expression and to modify the proliferation and differentiation response of the ecdysteroid-responsive C1.8+ cell line. The four PAHs were each able to enhance the ecdysteroid response in both the reporter gene and the cell proliferation assays only when given in conjunction with ecdysteroids. Aroclor 1254 had no effect in either system, either alone or in conjunction with ecdysteroids. These studies show that although the PAHs alone do not activate ecdysteroid-dependent gene expression or cell differentiation, they are able to enhance the effect of ecdysteroids, presumably through a non-receptor-mediated process. This mechanism may explain the effects on molting which have been reported after low-level crude oil exposures in crustaceans. (C) 1999 Academic Press.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-108
Number of pages8
JournalToxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Volume160
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 1999

Keywords

  • POLYCHLORINATED-BIPHENYLS AROCLOR-1254
  • POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC-HYDROCARBONS
  • THYROID-HORMONE STATUS
  • ESTROGEN-RECEPTOR
  • CALLINECTES-SAPIDUS
  • MAMMALIAN-CELLS
  • DAPHNIA-MAGNA
  • DROSOPHILA
  • BINDING
  • EXPOSURE

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Interaction of PAHs and PCBs with ecdysone-dependant gene expression and cell proliferation.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this