Insight into graphite oxidation in a NiO-based hybrid direct carbon fuel cell

Cairong Jiang, Can Cui, Jianjun Ma, John T. S. Irvine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
3 Downloads (Pure)


A direct carbon fuel cell is an electricity generation device using solid carbon as a fuel directly with no reforming process. In this study, three-carbon fuels, graphitic carbon (GC), carbon black (CB), and biomass carbon (BC) are tested as the fuel to investigate the influence of carbon fuel properties on the cell performance in HDCFC with a traditional nickel oxide as the anode. Either an electrolyte-supported cell with a thin nickel oxide anode or an anode-supported cell with a thick nickel oxide anode is used to evaluate the electrochemical reactivity of carbon samples. These three-carbon fuels are characterised on the crystal structure, particle size, composition, and surface property. It is found that GC shows excellent cell performance on thin nickel oxide anode. However, it displays relatively slow electrochemical reactivity on the thick anode due to its great extent of carbon oxidation. BC shows good initial cell performance but fast degradation of the cell performance, as much more hydrogen is released at the beginning of the cell test. The anode reactions of HDCFCs are explored by the in-situ gas analysis in open circuits and under current load conditions. It is observed that GC produces the highest amount of CO among these three fuels, suggesting that carbon oxidation is the dominant electrochemical process in HDCFCs after a certain time when most of the hydrogen is released from the pyrolysis process.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
VolumeIn press
Early online date23 Sept 2019
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 23 Sept 2019


  • Graphite
  • Carbon fuel properties
  • Electrochemical oxidation
  • In-situ gas analysis


Dive into the research topics of 'Insight into graphite oxidation in a NiO-based hybrid direct carbon fuel cell'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this