Inhibition of nuclear factor-B activation un-masks the ability of TNF- to induce human eosinophil apoptosis

S Fujihara, C Ward, I Dransfield, Ronald Thomas Hay, IJ Uings, B Hayes, SN Farrow, C Haslett, AG Rossi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Apoptosis renders eosinophils functionally effete and marks them for 'silent' removal from inflamed sites by macrophages. We show, for the first time, that eosinophils exposed to TNF-alpha rapidly lose their cytoplasmic levels of IkappaBalpha, the inhibitory subunit of NF-kappaB. Consequently, TNF-a triggers NF-kappaB mobilization from the cytoplasm to the nucleus, as determined by tracking the NF-kappaB subunit p65 by immunofluorescence and Western blot analysis. Inhibition of TNF-alpha-mediated IkappaBalpha degradation and NF-kappaB activation by gliotoxin or the proteasome inhibitor MG-132 un-masks the caspase-dependent pro-apoptotic properties of TNF-alpha. In addition, cycloheximide similarly renders TNF-alpha pro-apoptotic, suggesting that NF-kappaB activation controls the production of a protein(s) that protects eosinophils from the cytotoxic effects of TNF-alpha. Evidence is presented suggesting that TNF-alpha triggered apoptosis is more susceptible to NF-kappaB inhibition than constitutive apoptosis, leading to the possibility of the specific targeting of apoptosis in eosinophil sub-populations. Prior to morphological signs of apoptosis, TNF-alpha-induced IL-8 synthesis is abrogated by inhibition of NF-kappaB. We propose that NF-kappaB activation plays a critical role in controlling eosinophil responsiveness and apoptosis, and speculate that selective inhibitors of eosinophil NF-kappaB activation may ultimately provide alternative therapeutic agents for the treatment of eosinophilic diseases, including asthma and allergic rhinitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)457-466
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Immunology
Volume32
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2002

Keywords

  • eosinophil
  • NF-kappa B
  • apoptosis
  • I kappa B alpha
  • inflammation
  • PROGRAMMED CELL-DEATH
  • NECROSIS-FACTOR-ALPHA
  • NEUTROPHIL APOPTOSIS
  • MACROPHAGE PHAGOCYTOSIS
  • GRANULOCYTE APOPTOSIS
  • IN-VITRO
  • INFLAMMATION
  • SURVIVAL
  • PROTEIN
  • RECOGNITION

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