Inhibition of NF-kappa B DNA binding by nitric oxide

J R Matthews, C H Botting, M Panico, H R Morris, R T Hay

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438 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It has been suggested that the NF-kappa B transcription factor family may mediate expression of the gene encoding the cytokine-inducible form of nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). To establish if nitric oxide (NO) could in turn affect activity of NF-kappa B, the ability of NO-donor compounds to influence NF-kappa B DNA binding activity in vitro was investigated. NO-donor compounds sodium nitroprusside (SNP) and S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP) both inhibited the DNA binding activity of recombinant NF-kappa B pp and p65 homodimers and of p50-p65 heterodimers. Inhibition of NF-kappa B p50 DNA binding by NO-donor compounds involved modification of the conserved redox-sensitive C62 residue, as a C62S p50 mutant was significantly more resistant to SNP-mediated inactivation. Non-reducing SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis demonstrated that SNP could inhibit p50 DNA binding by mechanisms other than the formation of intersubunit disulphide bonds involving p50 residue C62. Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry of a synthetic NF-kappa B p50 peptide containing the C62 residue suggested that NO gas can modify C62 by S-nitrosylation. This study indicates that NO-donors can directly inhibit the DNA binding activity of NF-kappa B family proteins, suggesting that cellular NO provides another control mechanism for modulating the expression of NF-kappa B-responsive genes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2236-2242
Number of pages7
JournalNucleic Acids Research
Volume24
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 1996

Keywords

  • TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR
  • REDOX REGULATION
  • PROTEIN EBP1
  • P50 SUBUNIT
  • ACTIVATION
  • CELLS
  • GENE
  • THIOREDOXIN
  • REDUCTION
  • PROMOTER

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