Increased hindsight bias in schizophrenia

T S Woodward, S Moritz, Michelle Marie Arnold, C Cuttler, J C Whitman, D S Lindsay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An underlying theme common to prominent theoretical accounts of cognition in schizophrenia is that information processing is disproportionately influenced by recently/currently encountered information relative to the influence of previously learned information. In this study, the authors tested this account by using the hindsight bias or knew-it-all-along (KIA) paradigm, which demonstrates that newly acquired knowledge influences recall of past events. In line with the account that patients with schizophrenia display a disproportionately strong influence of recently encountered information relative to the influence of previously learned information, patients displayed a KIA effect that was significantly greater than in controls. This result is discussed in the context of the cognitive underpinnings of the KIA effect and delusion formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)461-467
Number of pages7
JournalNeuropsychology
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2006

Keywords

  • schizophrenia
  • hindsight bias
  • memory
  • delusions
  • DISCONFIRMATORY EVIDENCE BADE
  • 1ST-EPISODE SCHIZOPHRENIA
  • MEMORY CONFIDENCE
  • COGNITIVE MODEL
  • FALSE MEMORIES
  • DELUSIONS
  • DEFICITS
  • CONTEXT
  • PERFORMANCE
  • SYMPTOMS

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Increased hindsight bias in schizophrenia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this