In vivo analysis of the cell cycle dependent association of the bovine papillomavirus E2 protein and ChlR1

Katherine Martha Feeney, Anastasia Saade, Krzysztof Okrasa, Joanna Louise Parish

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It has been shown that the genomes of episomally maintained DNA viruses are tethered to host cell chromosomes during cell division, facilitating maintenance in dividing cells. The papillomavirus E2 protein serves this mechanism of viral genome persistence by simultaneously associating with chromatin and the viral genome during mitosis. Several host cell proteins are reported to be necessary for the association of E2 with chromatin including the cohesion establishment factor ChlR1. Here we use fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) technology to confirm the interaction between BPV-1 E2 and ChlR1. Furthermore, we use synchronized live cells to study the temporal nature of this dynamic protein interaction and show that ChlR1 and E2 interact during specific phases of the cell cycle. These data provide evidence that the association of E2 with ChlR1 contributes to a loading mechanism during DNA replication rather than direct tethering during mitotic division.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1
Number of pages9
JournalVirology
Volume414
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 May 2011

Keywords

  • papillomavirus
  • segregation
  • mitosis
  • helicase
  • FRET

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