Improving the oxygen evolution reaction: exsolved cobalt nanoparticles on titanate perovskite catalyst

Shangshang Zuo, Yuan Liao, Chenchen Wang, Aaron B. Naden, John T. S. Irvine*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Perovskites are an important class of oxygen evolution reaction (OER) catalysts due to highly tunable compositions and adaptable characteristics. However, perovskite-based catalysts can have limited atom utilization efficiency due to large particle size, resulting in low mass activity. Herein, Cobalt nanoparticles are exsolved from La0.2+2xCa0.7-2xTi1-xCoxO3 perovskite and applied in OER. Upon reduction in the 5% H2/N2 atmosphere at 800 °C for 2 h, the Co exsolved perovskite catalyst (R-LCTCo0.11) exhibits optimal OER performance. The mass activity of R-LCTCo0.11 reaches ≈1700 mA mg−1 at an overpotential of 450 mV, which is 17 times and 3 times higher than that of LCTCo0.11 (97 mA mg−1) and R-Mix (560 mA mg−1) catalysts respectively, surpassing the benchmark catalyst RuO2 (42.7 mA mg−1 of oxide at η = 470 mV). Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) data reveals that R-LCTCo0.11 has the lowest charge transfer resistance (Rct = 58 Ω), demonstrating the highest catalytic and kinetic activity for OER. Furthermore, this catalyst shows high stability during an accelerated durability test of 10 h electrolysis and 1000 cycles cyclic voltammetry (CV). This work demonstrates that nanoparticle exsolution from a doped perovskite is an effective strategy for improving the atom utilization efficiency in OER.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2308867
Number of pages9
Issue number11
Early online date29 Oct 2023
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2024


  • Exsolution
  • Mass activities
  • Oxygen evolution reaction
  • Perovskites
  • Water electrolysis


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