Improvement of the electrochemical properties of novel solid oxide fuel cell anodes, La0.75Sr0.25Cr0.5Mn0.5O3−δ and La4Sr8Ti11Mn0.5Ga0.5O37.5−δ, using Cu–YSZ-based cermets

P Núñez, JC Ruiz-Morales, J Canales-Vázquez, D Marrero-López, John Thomas Sirr Irvine

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55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A Cu-metal-based cermet was used to improve the electrochemical properties of two novel oxide-based systems with intrinsic low electronic conductivity such as La0.75Sr0.25Cr0.5Mn0.5O3-delta (LSCM) and La4Sr8Ti11Mn0.5Ga0.5O37.5-delta (LSTMG). The introduction of Cu results in a marked improvement of the polarisation resistance values and hence in the performance. The best results correspond to the addition of similar to 15% of CuO. In both systems, the polarisation resistances were improved by a least a factor of 2. Despite there are reports claiming that the CuO-zirconia-based systems exhibit catalytic activity, such an improvement seems to be mainly related to the capability of CuO as a sintering agent, helping to bridge electrode particles together, creating new electronic paths and thus effectively increasing the triple phase boundary through the whole electrode material. (C) 2007 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7217-7225
Number of pages9
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume52
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2007

Keywords

  • LSCM
  • LSTMG
  • anode
  • solid oxide fuel cell
  • polarisation
  • 13-WEEK INHALATION EXPOSURE
  • SUPPORTED COPPER-CATALYSTS
  • METHANOL SYNTHESIS
  • ZIRCONIA MORPHOLOGY
  • OXYGEN VACANCY
  • H-2 OXIDATION
  • PART I
  • TEMPERATURE
  • CO
  • ELECTRODE

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