Impact of accelerated smoltification on muscle structure and fillet firmness at harvest in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)

Vera LA Vieira, Sten Johan S Johansen, Ralph Bickerdike, Ian Alistair Johnston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mixed families of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) were subject to two photoperiods to produce accelerated and 1+ smolts in January and May 2001, respectively. The fish were reared in freshwater land-based tanks until October 2000 and then split into two groups: natural photoperiod (1+ smolts) and manipulated photoperiod (accelerated smolts). Fish were sorted into small and large grades and transferred to 12 sea cages at Gildeskal Research Station, Northern Norway (13 degrees 57' 20"E, 67 degrees 04' 10"N) in May-June 2001. The four groups were reared in triplicate cages until October 2002. The number and size distributions of fast myotomal muscle fibres were determined at the level of the first dorsal fin for all groups in May 2002 (selected fish of 2.4 kg) and October 2002 (randomly sampled fish). The presence of muscle fibres less than 10 mu m diameter indicated active fibre recruitment in all groups in May 2002. Muscle fibre number had reached its maximum value (FNmax) in the October harvest. Analysis of variance revealed no significant difference in average values of FNmax (6.6 x 10(5) +/- 1.4 x 10 (4)), muscle fibre density (76.2 +/- 1.7 fibres mm(-2) muscle) and fibre diameter (121.3 +/- 1.5 mu m) between different photoperiod treatments (mean +/- S.E., n=66). Smoothed curves were fitted to the measurements of fibre diameter using a kernel function. Nonparametric Kolmogorov-Smirnov tests revealed no significant difference in the distribution of fibre size between accelerated and 1+ postsmolts. There were, however, significantly more muscle fibres in the large than small grade fish, probably reflecting genetic differences in FNmax. Flesh quality was assessed as fillet firmness using an instrumental texture method. The total work (J) required to shear muscle samples of standardized thickness showed no significant difference between photoperiod treatments. It was concluded that the manipulation of photoperiod required to produce accelerated smolts did not affect muscle cellularity and flesh firmness in post-smolts of a commercial harvest weight. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-208
Number of pages12
JournalAquaculture
Volume246
Issue number1-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 May 2005

Keywords

  • Salmo salar
  • Atlantic salmon
  • accelerated smolts
  • muscle growth
  • muscle cellularity
  • fillet firmness
  • flesh quality
  • PARR-SMOLT TRANSFORMATION
  • GROWTH-HORMONE LEVELS
  • FLESH QUALITY
  • PHOTOPERIOD CONTROL
  • FIBER RECRUITMENT
  • SKELETAL-MUSCLE
  • SEAWATER STAGES
  • RAINBOW-TROUT
  • SEASON
  • L.

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