Identification and real-time PCR quantification of phocine distemper virus from two colonies of Scottish grey seals in 2002

JA Hammond, Patrick Pomeroy, Ailsa Jane Hall, VJ Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The North Sea European harbour seal (Phoca vitulina) population has endured two phocine distemper virus (PDV) epidemics in 1988 and 2002. The grey seal (Halichoerus grypus) is a sympatric seal species that shows little or no mortality from PDV. Two Scottish grey seal breeding colonies were sampled for evidence of PDV infection approximately 2 months after the peak of the 2002 epidemic. In both colonies, a proportion of mothers (13/109) and pups (6/84) tested positive for PDV in their leukocytes. All infected animals were asymptomatic and completed the breeding season successfully. These results illustrate that grey seals come into contact with infectious seals and can become infected themselves without experiencing acute effects. In some seals the virus is able to replicate from the primary site of infection. This study provides evidence that grey seals may have an active role in the spread of PDV during an epidemic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2563-2567
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of General Virology
Volume86
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2005

Keywords

  • HALICHOERUS-GRYPUS
  • HARBOR SEALS
  • HARP SEALS
  • MORBILLIVIRUS
  • VITULINA
  • EPIZOOTICS
  • ANTIBODIES
  • MOVEMENTS
  • SEQUENCE
  • SCOTLAND

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Identification and real-time PCR quantification of phocine distemper virus from two colonies of Scottish grey seals in 2002'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this