Hydrogen Titanates as Potential Proton Conducting Fuel Cell Electrolytes

DJD Corcoran, David Prestwich Tunstall, John Thomas Sirr Irvine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Citations (Scopus)


This work examines the possibility of using hydrogen titanate materials, which may exhibit appreciable protonic conductivity at low temperatures (100-500 degreesC), as electrolytes in the next generation of solid oxide fuel cells. The ramsdellite lithium titanate phase, Li2Ti3O7 was used as a basis for H+ exchange to form H2Ti3O7. The ramsdellite structure of this compound was confirmed by X-ray diffraction and its composition confirmed by thermogravimetric analysis. Magic angle spinning solid state NMR showed that the protons occupied at least two sites in the ramsdellite structure, in accord with the proposed H2Ti3O7 formula. The conductivity of compressed compacts of this compound was measured and the bulk value extracted. The measured conductivity of H2Ti3O7 was 2.66 x 10(-6) S cm(-1) at 200 degreesC, about one order of magnitude lower than the Li analogue Li2Ti3O7, and two orders of magnitude lower than the best perovskite ceramic proton conductors at this temperature. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)297-303
Number of pages7
JournalSolid State Ionics
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2000


  • proton conductor
  • ramsdellite
  • lithium titanate
  • LI2TI3O7


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