Hydrogen abstraction from silylamines; an investigation of the 1,2-migration of the trimethylsilyl group in aminyl radicals

Joanna M. Harris, John C. Walton*, Bernard Maillard, Stéphane Grelier, Jean Paul Picard

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hydrogen abstraction from a series of silyl-substituted amines, Me 3SiCHRNHR′. by tert-butoxyl radicals has been examined by EPR spectroscopy. For each amine hydrogen is abstracted from both the methylene (or methine) group and from the amino group to give a mixture of aminoalkyl, Me 3SiC•RNHR′, and aminyl radicals, Me 3SiCHRN•R′. The proportion of hydrogen abstraction from the amino groups is less than from the methylene (methine) groups. The aminyl radicals are not directly detectable by EPR spectroscopy, but they rearrange above a particular temperature by 1,2-migration of the trimethylsilyl group from carbon to nitrogen to give carbon-centred radicals, •CHRNR′SiMe 3, which have been spectroscopically characterised. Mechanistic evidence favours an intramolecular migration of the trimethylsilyl group via a transition state in which the silicon atom expands its valence shell to five, rather than via an elimination-readdition route. Rate parameters for the migrations have been estimated from the temperature development of the rearranged radical concentrations and found to be sensitive to the presence of sterically large groups at the nitrogen terminus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2119-2123
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 2
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1993

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