Hybrid war: the real casualties in Ukraine

Research output: Contribution to specialist publicationArticle


The undeclared Russian onslaught on Ukraine commenced in late 2013. The EuroMaidan revolution held in Kyiv in the dead of the 2013/14 winter showed the determination of the Ukrainians to join the Euro-Atlantic structures. The discredited Viktor Yanukovych’s government that ordered the use of live ammunition and snipers against the peaceful protesters fled (with whatever they could grab of their amassed kleptocratic fortunes) to their pay and task master in Moscow. In the ongoing Russo-Ukrainian war 11,000 to 15,000 people have been killed by mid-2017 and 1.6 million have left the warzone as internal or international refugees. To this number 50,000 refugees from Russia-occupied Crimea must be added.
Original languageEnglish
Specialist publicationNew Eastern Europe
Publication statusPublished - 8 Sept 2017


  • Hybrid war
  • Russia
  • Ukraine
  • cyber warfare
  • conventional warfare


Dive into the research topics of 'Hybrid war: the real casualties in Ukraine'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this