Hybrid war: real casualties in Ukraine

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The Russo-Ukrainian war that broke out in 2014 in the wake of Russia’s annexation of Crimea continues to be all too rarely noticed in the West. Observers comment widely on the novel ‘hybrid’ character of warfare as developed and trialed by the Kremlin worldwide during the recent years, but pay scant attention to the Russian ‘training ground’ in eastern Ukraine. The article probes into the realities of the ongoing RussoUkrainian war, alongside the ideological underpinnings of the Kremlin’s intervention and Ukraine’s response to this attack. It appears that the Russian government adopted ethnolinguistic nationalism, typical of Central Europe, namely, that all Russian-speakers constitute the Russian nation, especially if their communities compactly inhabit areas directly bordering on the Russian Federation.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages23
JournalSprawy Narodowościowe / Nationalities Affairs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Dec 2018


  • Ethnolinguistic nationalism
  • Russo-Ukrainian war
  • Hybrid warfare
  • Russia
  • Ukraine
  • Crimea
  • Donbas


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