Hybrid benzimidazole-dichloroimidazole zeolitic imidazolate frameworks based on ZIF-7 and their application in mixed matrix membranes for CO2/N2 separation

Qian Jia, Elsa Lasseuguette, Magdalena Lozinska, Maria-Chiara Ferrari*, Paul A. Wright*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
4 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Mixed-linker zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIFs) with the sodalite (sod) topology type and based on ZIF-7 have been prepared by direct synthesis from the mixtures of benzimidazole (BzIm) and 4,5-dichloroimidazole (dcIm). Incorporation of dcIm into the ZIF-7 structure gives ZIF-7/COK-17 hybrids with rhombohedral symmetry that do not show the “open-to-closed form” structural transition upon solvent removal exhibited by ZIF-7. They show Type I isotherms for low molecular weight gases and high affinity for CO2 even at low partial pressures. Synthesis under mild conditions gives ZIF nanoparticles (250–400 nm) suitable for incorporation into mixed matrix membranes (MMMs): these were prepared with both glassy (Matrimid) and rubbery (PEBAX 1657) polymers. Permeation tests at 298 K and 1.2 bar reveal that the incorporation of Zn(BzIm0.55dcIm0.45)2 nanoparticles at up to ca. 12 wt % gives defect-free membranes with enhanced CO2 permeability in both polymer matrices, with retention of selectivity (Matrimid) or with an enhancement in selectivity that is most pronounced for the smaller nanoparticles (PEBAX). The membrane with the best performance exhibits a selectivity of ca. 200 for CO2/N2 (a 4-fold increase compared to the pure polymer) and a CO2 permeability of 64 Barrer. At the relatively low loadings investigated, the MMMs’ performance obeys the Maxwell model, and the intrinsic property of diffusivity of the ZIFs can be extracted as a result.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46615-46626
Number of pages12
JournalACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Volume14
Issue number41
Early online date4 Oct 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Oct 2022

Keywords

  • Zeolitic imidazolate framework
  • Hybrid ZIFs
  • Matrimid
  • PEBAX 1657
  • Mixed matrix membrane
  • CO2/N2 selectivity

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