How Do Children Experience Mixed Emotion? Piloting an Analogue Emotion Scale

Francesca Fotheringham, Esther Burkitt*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Adults report more sequential and simultaneous experiences of mixed emotion when using an analogue emotion scale (AES) than when completing rating scales due to the temporal dimension of the AES. Research is beginning to show that children experience mixed emotion and report simultaneous experiences increasingly between 5-7 years. These reports however may misrepresent the type, and underestimate the frequency of, simultaneous experiences due to the limitations of the measures. This research piloted the utility of an adapted AES to assess subjective mixed emotion types in childhood. 55 children (23 girls, 22 boys) aged between 4 years 2 months - 6 years 2 months (X=5 years 3 months) participated in the research. They heard vignettes describing single happy, sad and mixed emotion events in an age and gender matched protagonist and completed AES training and tests measures about the protagonists' experiences. Four different AES mixed emotion types were found highlighting a broader range of mixed emotion experiences than previously found and attesting to the utility of the adapted measure.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationUniversity of Chichester Research Conference
Publication statusUnpublished - 8 Jul 2016
EventUniversity of Chichester Research Conference - University of Chichester, Bognor Regis , United Kingdom
Duration: 8 Jul 20168 Jul 2016


ConferenceUniversity of Chichester Research Conference
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom
CityBognor Regis


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