Honeybee activity monitoring in a biohybrid system for explosives detection

Mitar Simić, Ross Neil Gillanders, Aleksej Avramović, Slavica Gajić, Vedran Jovanović, Vladan Stojnić, Vladimir Risojević, James Glackin, Graham Alexander Turnbull, Janja Filipi, Nikola Kezić, Mario Muštra, Zdenka Babić

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Citations (Scopus)
57 Downloads (Pure)


Free-flying honeybees can electrostatically collect particles from air in the flying and foraging areas, which in conjunction with organic-based explosive vapor sensing films, placed at the entrance to the beehive, can be used as a passive explosive sensing mechanism. Moreover, bees can be trained to actively search for a smell of explosive. Using trained honeybees in conjunction with a system for honeybee localization enables generation of a spatial-time honeybee density map, where the most visited places point to suspicious areas. In both methods (passive and active), bees’ activity monitoring plays a significant role, providing information about environmental parameters and activities of bees at the entrance and exit of a beehive. In this paper we present the design and realization of an electronic system for bee activity monitoring at the front of a hive while using bees for explosive detection. The system also monitors air temperature and relative humidity. Results obtained to date from activity monitoring are useful in planning testing activities within our active and passive method, as it can determine the optimal period of the day and environmental parameters in which bees are most active.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCMBEBIH 2019
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the International Conference on Medical and Biological Engineering, 16 ̶̶ 18 May 2019, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina
EditorsAlmir Badnjevic, Ranko Škrbić, Lejla Gurbeta Pokvić
Place of PublicationCham
ISBN (Electronic)9783030179717
ISBN (Print)9783030179700
Publication statusPublished - 2019
EventInternational Conference on Medical and BIological Engineering (CMBEBIH 2019) - Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Duration: 16 May 201918 May 2019

Publication series

NameIFMBE Proceedings
ISSN (Print)1680-0737
ISSN (Electronic)1433-9277


ConferenceInternational Conference on Medical and BIological Engineering (CMBEBIH 2019)
Abbreviated titleCMBEBIH 2019
Country/TerritoryBosnia and Herzegovina
CityBanja Luka
Internet address


  • Biosensors
  • Explosive detection
  • Honeybees
  • Organic-based explosive vapor sensing films
  • UAV


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