Holocene history of forest trees on the Bruce Peninsula, southern Ontario

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11 Citations (Scopus)


During the mid- and late Holocene, the southern portion of the peninsula supported a rich deciduous forest, dominated by Acer saccharum and Fagus grandifolia, while the northern portion was dominated by a forest with a much higher proportion of conifers. The two sites are compared numerically with a site on Manitoulin Island. Despite similar bedrock, soils, climate, and topography, the three pollen sequences show a remarkable divergence of Holocene forest history. The role of historical factors in determining forest composition may be much greater than previously appreciated. -from Author

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6-18
Number of pages13
JournalCanadian Journal of Botany
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1992


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