Highly electron rich alkyl- and dialkyl- N-pyrrolidinyl phosphines: an evaluation of their electronic and structural properties

Matthew Lee Clarke, G Holliday, Alexandra Martha Zoya Slawin, John Derek Woollins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Phosphines containing two N-bound pyrrolidine groups and one alkyl or aryl group have been prepared and shown to be unusually electron rich donor ligands when compared to either tris( N-pyrrolidinyl) phosphine or the trialkyl- or triaryl-phosphines. It is proposed that the electron donating ability of a pyrrolidine group towards phosphorus had been underestimated as only two pyrrolidinyl groups can donate towards the phosphine via the nitrogen lone pair. trans-L2Rh(CO) Cl complexes have been prepared from the phosphines and used to quantify the electron donor characteristics. Two of these complexes have been characterised by X-ray crystallography. The reaction of these phosphines with iron() complexes has also been studied. Platinum() complexes of the ligands have been prepared and also (in three examples) characterised by X-ray crystallography, which has enabled the steric and bonding properties to be evaluated. tert-Butyl( dipyrrolidinyl) phosphine is one of the most electron rich phosphines known. The dialkyl( pyrrolidinyl) phosphines have been found to contain less potent N-->P donation, and are somewhat less good donor ligands.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1093-1103
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the Chemical Society, Dalton Transactions
Volume2002
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2002

Keywords

  • PHOSPHORUS-NITROGEN BOND
  • CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE
  • COMPLEXES
  • LIGANDS
  • CATALYSTS
  • TRIS(MORPHOLINO)PHOSPHINE
  • TRIS(PIPERIDINO)PHOSPHINE
  • DONORS

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