Highly dense and novel proton conducting materials for SOFC electrolyte

Shahzad Hossain, Abdalla M. Abdalla, Juliana H. Zaini, Cristian D. Savaniu, John T. S. Irvine, Abul Kalam Azad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


Highly dense proton conducting materials of BCZYSZn (BaCe0.8-xZrxY0.15Sm0.05O3-δ (x = 0.15, 0.20) with 4 wt.% ZnO as sintering additive), to be used as an intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFCs) electrolyte, have been processed by the conventional solid state reaction method. The crystalline phase, microstructure, electrical properties, cell performance and chemical stability of the materials have been investigated. The ionic conductivity of BCZYSZn 3 (x = 0.20) material has been measured to be ~2.56 × 10-3 S cm−1 and ~8.32 × 10-3 S cm−1 at 600 °C and 850 °C, respectively in wet 5%H2 in Ar atmosphere. Microstructural characterizations of the zinc containing materials (BCZYSZn) show the formation of highly dense morphology with very large grains. The chemical stability test of BCZYSZn in pure CO2 shows that the material is very stable up to 1000 °C. The maximum power density for the BCZYSZn 3 electrolyte cell is found to be 0.42 W/cm2 at 700 °C under the testing atmosphere. The performed characterizations reveal that these are suitable proton-conducting candidate materials for efficient electrochemical devices.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27308-27322
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number44
Early online date6 Oct 2017
Publication statusPublished - 2 Nov 2017


  • Perovskite
  • SOFC
  • Proton conductor
  • Electrolyte
  • Impedance spectroscopy
  • Power density


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