Herbert Hoover, Anglo-American relations and republican party politics in the 1920s

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Herbert Hoover is often portrayed as a business-centric relatively non-political historical figure. In particular during his time as Commerce Secretary in the administrations of Warren Harding and Calvin Coolidge, Hoover is often described as supporting a United States foreign policy that first and foremost served the needs of American corporations. This article attempts to recalibrate that picture by stressing Hoover's political self-interest as a motivating factor in his policies. Far from being politically unconcerned, Hoover was a man desperate to become president of the United States. His disastrous campaign for the Republican nomination in 1920 made him doubly determined to use his power in the Republican cabinets to improve his chances for the nomination later. This can be seen in one of the most famous of Hoover's foreign policy interventions, the Anglo-American rubber crisis. Far from serving the needs of American business, during this crisis Hoover was acting mostly from political self-interest. In particular attacking the British allowed him to reframe his image, which was seen as Anglophiliac in 1920. In the end it was a very successful rebranding, as Hoover was able to run for the presidency in 1928 from a position of strength when it came to foreign affairs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)200-218
Number of pages19
JournalDiplomacy and Statecraft
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2011


Dive into the research topics of 'Herbert Hoover, Anglo-American relations and republican party politics in the 1920s'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this