Helical Figure-of-Eight Loop Dicopper(I) Compounds: Syntheses, Structure and Dynamics

P Comba, A Fath, TW Hambley, A Kuhner, David Trevor Richens, A Vielfort

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The synthesis of a series of nine large macrocyclic ligands with two N2S2 (thioether and Schiff-base imine) binding sites each, with different bridges between the donor atoms of each site (ethylene, o-xylylene, propylene, butylene) and different spacer groups between the two binding sites (p-xylylene, 2,5-dimethyl-p-xylylene, 2,5-dimethoxy-p-xylylene), and the synthesis of a similar ligand with a preorganized double-helical geometry, based on a paracyclophane spacer group, are reported, together with the syntheses and characterizations of the corresponding dicopper(I) compounds. The solid state structures of the dicopper(I) complexes have two tetrahedral copper(I) sites, separated by ca. 8 Angstrom, and a figure-of-eight loop configuration of the ligand with a parallel arrangement of the two substituted benzene spacer groups (benzene ... benzene distance of ca. 3.5 Angstrom). All the dicopper(I) compounds have the same double-helical configuration ("twisted ring figure-of-eight loop"). NMR spectroscopy indicates that the monocyclic metal-free ligands have an open, cyclic structure in solution, while the dicopper(I) compounds are folded as in the solid. In acetonitrile there is a fast dynamic equilibrium between two enantiomeric forms of the double-helical dicopper(I) compounds. The fact that copper(I)-donor atom bond breaking is involved in this process is supported by H-1 NMR data and by the X-ray crystal structure analysis of a putative intermediate with each of the two copper(I) centers coordinated to one acetonitrile and three donors of the macrocycle. A second fast dynamic, solvent independent process (epimerization) has been identified in nitromethane and acetonitrile, involving helix inversion with full conservation of the copper(I) coordination.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4389-4401
Number of pages13
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume37
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Aug 1998

Keywords

  • ASCIDIAN LISSOCLINUM-PATELLA
  • CONFORMATIONAL-ANALYSIS
  • SELF-ORGANIZATION
  • CYCLIC PEPTIDE
  • COMPLEXES
  • CHEMISTRY
  • LIGAND
  • COORDINATION
  • COPPER(I)
  • MECHANISM

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