Green synthesis of reticular materials

Aamod Vikas Desai, Erlantz Lizundia, Andrea Laybourn, Daniel N. Rainer, Robert Armstrong, Russell E. Morris, Stefan Wuttke, Romy Ettlinger*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
23 Downloads (Pure)


To help ensure a prosperous future on Earth for coming generations, academia and industry need to transform the way they plan and carry out the synthesis of novel materials to make them more environmentally sustainable. In particular the field of reticular materials, i.e., metal- organic frameworks, zeolitic imidazolate frameworks and covalent organic frameworks, has great potential to outperform other materials and revolutionize various fields of applications. This review highlights several key aspects from the choice of their starting materials, solvents and synthetic methodologies that fall under the umbrella of the Green Chemistry principles, and incorporates a Circular Economy perspective by providing relevant strategies such as re-use, regeneration or recycling to maximize the value of the Earth’s available resources. Moreover, it will shed light on the life cycle assessment results of selected reticular materials and consider how constraints imposed by Green Chemistry principles, life cycle assessments metrics and circular patterns will shape the future rational sustainable design and discovery of reticular materials.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2304660
Number of pages31
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Early online date1 Sept 2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 1 Sept 2023


  • Green chemistry
  • Metal-organic framework
  • Zeolitic imidazolate frameworks
  • Covalent organic frameworks
  • Life cycle assessment


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