Gravitational collapse and extension along a mid-crustal detachment: the Lough Derg Slide, northwest Ireland

Geoffrey Ian Alsop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pre-Caledonian basement is juxtaposed with an inverted Upper Dalradian cover sequence along the Lough Derg Slide, in south Donegal, northwest Ireland. Shear-sense criteria indicate that the Dalradian Succession is translated via oblique dextral thrusting over high pressure granulite facies basement in the footwall. Crustal thickening induced by large scale folding associated with this ductile thrusting resulted in mid-amphibolite facies metamorphism adjacent to the sole of the Dalradian nappe. Subsequent to peak metamorphism, the overthickened Dalradian cover sequence suffered heterogenous deformation associated with ductile extension concentrated in the strain-softened mylonites of the hangingwall. The oblique ductile thrusts initiated during crystal thickening were reactivated in a normal sense. Pre-existing fold axes rotated towards the extensional transport direction, which is marked by a secondary stretching lineation with associated S-C fabrics. Ductile extension and hangingwall collapse are considered to be related to gravitational instability induced by the earlier crustal thickening episode.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)345-354
Number of pages10
JournalGeological Magazine
Volume128
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1991

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