Glutathione peroxidases of the potato cyst nematode Globodera Rostochiensis

JT Jones*, B Reavy, G Smant, AE Prior

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report the cloning and characterisation of full-length DNAs complementary to RNA (cDNAs) encoding two glutathione peroxidases (GpXs) from a plant parasitic nematode, the potato cyst nematode (PCN) Globodera rostochiensis. One protein has a functional signal peptide that targets the protein for secretion from animal cells while the other is predicted to be intracellular. Both genes are expressed in all parasite stages tested. The mRNA encoding the intracellular GpX is present throughout the nematode second stage juvenile and is particularly abundant in metabolically active tissues including the genital primordia. The mRNA encoding the secreted GpX is restricted to the hypodermis, the outermost cellular layer of the nematode, a location from which it is likely to be secreted to the parasite surface. Biochemical studies confirmed the secreted protein as a functional GpX and showed that, like secreted GpXs of other parasitic nematodes, it does not metabolise hydrogen peroxide but has a preference for larger hydroperoxide substrates. The intracellular protein is likely to have a role in metabolism of active oxygen species derived from internal body metabolism while the secreted protein may protect the parasite from host defences. Other functional roles for this protein are discussed. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-54
Number of pages8
JournalGene
Volume324
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jan 2004

Keywords

  • antioxidant protein
  • gene expression
  • plant parasitic nematode
  • secretions
  • HETERODERA-GLYCINES
  • MESSENGER-RNA
  • RETINOL-BINDING
  • BRUGIA-PAHANGI
  • EXPRESSION
  • GENE
  • SELENIUM
  • IDENTIFICATION
  • TRANSCRIPTION
  • GLYCOPROTEIN

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