Geochemical variations in Vanuatu arc lavas: the role of subducted material and a variable mantle wedge composition

D W Peate, J A Pearce, Chris Hawkesworth, H Colley, C M H Edwards, K Hirose

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    247 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    New compositional data are presented for recent (<3.5 Ma) basaltic lavas from the Vanuata arc and North Fuji back-arc, and for material being subducted at the Vanuatu trench. Sr, Nd and Pb isotope data for the lavas vary systematically north-south along the are and highlight where the D'Entrecasteaux Zone on the subducting plate collides with the fore-arc. Major and trace element data shorer significant lateral variations in enrichment of the mantle wedge relative to an N-MORB source. New elemental and isotopic analyses of the,North Loyalty Basin sediments have allowed the flux of elements in the subducting sediments to be calculated The wedge has been variably modified by addition of slab-derived material containing a significant subducted sediment component. Merelava in the rear-arc is anomalous and is dominated by a fluid component derived from subducted oceanic crust. lost lavas originate from a Pacific-MORB-like mantle source, except for those erupting close to the collision Zone in central Vanuatu. Collision of the D'Entrecasteaux Zone has disrupted the are complex find brought less depleted isotopically distinct (Indian-MORB-like) mantle material from the back-arc into the an magma source in this region.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1331-1358
    Number of pages28
    JournalJournal of Petrology
    Volume38
    Issue number10
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 1997

    Keywords

    • subduction
    • geochemistry
    • melting
    • sediments
    • fluxes
    • HEBRIDES-ISLAND-ARC
    • TRACE-ELEMENT
    • MAGMA GENESIS
    • BASIN BASALTS
    • VOLCANIC ARC
    • CONSTRAINTS
    • ORIGIN
    • SEDIMENTS
    • FLUXES
    • ROCKS

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