GEOCHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND ORIGIN OF THE JACUPIRANGA CARBONATITES, BRAZIL

Y M HUANG, Chris Hawkesworth, P VANCALSTEREN, F MCDERMOTT

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    64 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    New major-, trace-element and Sr, Nd and Pb isotope data are presented for carbonatites and pyroxenites from the 130-Ma-old Jacupiranga complex in southern Brazil. Measured Sr-87/Sr-86 ranges from 0.7047 to 0.7055, Nd-143/Nd-144 from 0.51251 to 0.51264 and Pb-206/Pb-204 from 17.0 to 18.2. Most samples have high measured Th/U(5-17), and high Pb-208/Pb-204 ratios (37.9-40.2) relative to Pb-206/Pb-204, with time-integrated Th/U>4. The pyroxenites have higher initial Pb-206/Pb-204 (17.63-17.67) and lower initial Sr-87/Sr-86(similar to 0.7047) than the carbonatites (17.05-17.47 and 0.7049-0.7054, respectively). There is a broad negative Pb-Sr isotope array between the carbonatites and the pyroxenites which precludes simple binary mixing, because of their very different Sr/Pb ratios. The isotope differences also appear to preclude models in which the carbonatites segregated by liquid immiscibility from magmas similar to those from which the pyroxenites crystallised, and models in which the isotope arrays are the product of crustal contamination processes. Rather, the initial Sr, Nd and Pb isotope ratios in the Jacupiranga complex, and the negative correlation of Pb and Sr isotopes are similar to those in the Parana high-Ti basalts, and the oceanic basalts of the Walvis Ridge and Tristan da Cunha. Thus, the initial isotope ratios of the Jacupiranga rocks are considered to have been inherited from the mantle source regions associated with incipient magmatism of the Tristan da Cunha hotspot and the opening of the South Atlantic. Finally, the observed variations are used to evaluate suggestions that certain element ratios in upper-mantle rocks, such as high Ca/Al and La/Yb and low Ti/Eu, are features of carbonatite metasomatism. Mantle xenoliths altered by carbonatite metasomatism exhibit elevated Sr contents and low Rb/Sr ratios, and most carbonatites have high U/Pb, low Rb/Sr and Sm/Nd. Thus, infiltration and/or metasomatism by carbonatitic melts is one process which may have been responsible for the negative array of U/Pb and Rb/Sr inferred for the source of certain oceanic basalts.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)79-99
    Number of pages21
    JournalChemical Geology
    Volume119
    Issue number1-4
    Publication statusPublished - 5 Jan 1995

    Keywords

    • PB ISOTOPE GEOCHEMISTRY
    • UPPER MANTLE
    • FRACTIONAL CRYSTALLIZATION
    • LIQUID IMMISCIBILITY
    • SOUTH-AFRICA
    • EVOLUTION
    • ND
    • SR
    • ELEMENT
    • COMPLEX

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'GEOCHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND ORIGIN OF THE JACUPIRANGA CARBONATITES, BRAZIL'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this