Gender and disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration: reviewing and advancing the field

Dyan Mazurana, Roxani Krystalli, Anton Baaré

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Citations (Scopus)


Processes of disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) seek to improve the security and stability of post-conflict societies. This chapter explores a gender-focused approach to DDR that has three primary components: conducting gender analyses of standards of support for women in DDR programs; prioritizing parallel programs for women; and demilitarizing masculinity and femininity. Historical difficulties in establishing DDR programs that respond to the needs of women are explained by four challenges: exclusion of women due to restrictive definitions of “combatants”; programming that does not reflect the specific experiences of women; a reluctance to look beyond traditional DDR programs toward alternates; and a failure to address the militarized masculinities of male combatants. The chapter concludes by suggesting that DDR programs move toward a “portfolio view.” This would allow participants greater flexibility to choose the programming that best meets their needs by providing participants a menu of options.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Oxford Handbook of Gender and Conflict
EditorsFionnuala Ní Aoláin, Naomi Cahn, Dina Francesca Haynes, Nahla Valji
PublisherOxford University Press
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018


  • Disarmament
  • Demobilization
  • Reintegration
  • DDR program
  • Women combatants
  • Post-conflict
  • Militarized masculinity


Dive into the research topics of 'Gender and disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration: reviewing and advancing the field'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this