Galaxy And Mass Assembly (GAMA): the wavelength-dependent sizes and profiles of galaxies revealed by MegaMorph

Benedetta Vulcani*, Steven P. Bamford, Boris Haeussler, Marina Vika, Alex Rojas, Nicola K. Agius, Ivan Baldry, Amanda E. Bauer, Michael J. I. Brown, Simon Driver, Alister W. Graham, Lee S. Kelvin, Jochen Liske, Jon Loveday, Cristina C. Popescu, Aaron S. G. Robotham, Richard J. Tuffs

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigate the relationship between colour and structure within galaxies using a large, volume-limited sample of bright, low-redshift galaxies with optical-near-infrared imaging from the Galaxy And Mass Assembly survey. We fit single-component, wavelength-dependent, elliptical S,rsic models to all passbands simultaneously, using software developed by the MegaMorph project. Dividing our sample by n and colour, the recovered wavelength variations in effective radius (R-e) and S,rsic index (n) reveal the internal structure, and hence formation history, of different types of galaxies. All these trends depend on n; some have an additional dependence on galaxy colour. Late-type galaxies (n(r) <2.5) show a dramatic increase in S,rsic index with wavelength. This might be a result of their two-component (bulge-disc) nature, though stellar population gradients within each component and dust attenuation are likely to play a role. All galaxies show a substantial decrease in R-e with wavelength. This is strongest for early types (n(r) > 2.5), even though they maintain constant n with wavelength, revealing that ellipticals are a superimposition of different stellar populations associated with multiple collapse and merging events. Processes leading to structures with larger R-e must be associated with lower metallicity or younger stellar populations. This appears to rule out the formation of young cores through dissipative gas accretion as an important mechanism in the recent lives of luminous elliptical galaxies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1340-1362
Number of pages23
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume441
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2014

Keywords

  • Galaxies: formation
  • Galaxies: fundamental parameters
  • Galaxies: general
  • Galaxies: structure
  • Disk-dominated galaxies
  • Digital sky survey
  • Stellar population gradients
  • Band surface photometry
  • Radial color gradients
  • Elliptic galaxies
  • Spiral galaxies
  • Cluster galaxies
  • Physical-properties
  • Fundamental plane

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