Fusion proteins of single-chain variable fragments derived from phage display libraries are effective reagents for routine diagnosis of potato leafroll virus infection in potato

R. L. Toth, K. Harper, M. A. Mayo, L. Torrance*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A panel of 11 different single-chain variable fragment antibodies (scFv) that bind to potato leafroll virus (PLRV) has been studied to assess each one's suitability as practical diagnostic tools. The scFv, previously obtained from naive phage display libraries, were expressed in Escherichia coli as fusion proteins. The fusion proteins comprised scFv joined to either the human light chain kappa constant domain (C(L)), an amphipathic helix (Zip), a combination of C(L) and Zip, or alkaline phosphatase (AP/S). The fusion proteins were tested for their ability to detect, or trap on enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) plates, PLRV in extracts of infected potato leaves. The tests done with the different scFv fusion proteins were compared with a standard triple-antibody sandwich (TAS)-ELISA that employs a rabbit polyclonal antibody preparation to coat microtiter plates and a monoclonal antibody, SCR3, to detect PLRV. Of 11 scFvC(L) fusion proteins, 7 detected PLRV as readily as SCR3 when used as detecting antibodies in TAS-ELISA. The limit of detection of purified PLRV for the different scFvC(L) fusion proteins ranged from 250 to 5 ng/ml; that for SCR3 is 5 ng/ml. Of the 11 scFv, 4 cross-reacted with some other luteoviruses. Several scFvC(L) and scFvC(L)Zip fusion proteins trapped PLRV from extracts of infected potato leaves as effectively as the polyclonal antibody preparation. Four scFv fusion proteins were used in a stem print assay to detect PLRV, and the results were similar to those obtained in tests using SCR3. The scFvC(L) fusion proteins retained activity for at least 6 months at 4°C, and all scFv fusion proteins were fully active on reconstitution after lyophilization. A fully recombinant ELISA was devised that detected PLRV in extracts of infected potato, with results comparable to those obtained using the standard TAS-ELISA. The advantages of using scFv fusion proteins for the routine detection of plant viruses include the ability to produce large quantities of reagents cheaply in bacterial fermenters and to incorporate them into standardized tests.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1015-1021
Number of pages7
JournalPhytopathology
Volume89
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1999

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Fusion proteins of single-chain variable fragments derived from phage display libraries are effective reagents for routine diagnosis of potato leafroll virus infection in potato'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this