Frugal retinal laser training simulation eyes

Obaid Kousha*, Blazej Staniszewski, Juan Lopez Ulloa, Sonali Tarafdar, John Ellis, Andrew Blaikie

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterpeer-review

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Simulation based training (SBT) is increasingly being integrated into medical apprenticeships [1]. This process has been accelerated by the COVID-19 pandemic. The advantages of being able to progressively train and assess competency on potentially hazardous procedures in a safe and controlled environment as well as reduce face-to-face contact are of clear benefit to patients, trainees and trainers alike. Retinal lasering has been identified as a procedure that would particularly benefit from SBT [2]. Most simulation tools are however expensive and impractically so for those training in low- and middle-income settings where the need is greatest to deal with the emerging epidemics of blindness from diabetes and premature birth [3]. Here we describe a recently developed simulation eye adapted for retinal laser training and assessment (Fig. 1) [4]. We have included a video of the simulation eye being ‘treated’ with laser on PASCAL 532 nm laser (Video 1).
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages2
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jun 2021


  • Diabetes complications
  • Retinal diseases


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