From outburst to quiescence: spectroscopic evolution of V1838 Aql imbedded in a bow-shock nebula

J. V. Hernández Santisteban, J. Echevarría, S. Zharikov, V. Neustroev, G. Tovmassian, V. Chavushyan, R. Napiwotzki, R. Costero, R. Michel, L. J. Sánchez, A. Ruelas-Mayorga, L. Olguín, Ma T. García-Díaz, D. González-Buitrago, E. de Miguel, E. de la Fuente, R. de Anda, V. Suleimanov

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We analyse new optical spectroscopic, direct-image and X-ray observations of the recently discovered a high-proper motion cataclysmic variable V1838 Aql. The data were obtained during its 2013 superoutburst and its subsequent quiescent state. An extended emission around the source was observed up to 30 d after the peak of the superoutburst, interpreted it as a bow shock formed by a quasi-continuous outflow from the source in quiescence. The head of the bow shock is coincident with the high-proper motion vector of the source (v⊥ = 123 ± 5 km s−1) at a distance of d = 202 ± 7 pc. The object was detected as a weak X-ray source (0.015 ± 0.002 counts s−1) in the plateau of the superoutburst and its flux lowered by two times in quiescence (0.007 ± 0.002 count s-1). Spectroscopic observations in quiescence we confirmed the orbital period value Porb = 0.0545 ± 0.0026 d, consistent with early-superhump estimates, and the following orbital parameters: γ = −21 ± 3 km s−1 and K1 = 53 ± 3 km s−1. The white dwarf is revealed as the system approaches quiescence, which enables us to infer the effective temperature of the primary Teff = 11 600 ± 400 K. The donor temperature is estimated ≲2200 K and suggestive of a system approaching the period minimum. Doppler maps in quiescence show the presence of the hotspot in He i line at the expected accretion disc-stream shock position and an unusual structure of the accretion disc in Hα.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2631-2642
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume486
Issue number2
Early online date8 Apr 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019

Keywords

  • Cataclysmic variables
  • Stars: dwarf novae
  • White dwarf
  • Stars: individual: V1838 Aql
  • ISM: bubbles

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