Focusing optics of a parallel beam CCD optical tomography apparatus for 3D radiation gel dosimetry

N Krstajic, S J Doran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Optical tomography of get dosimeters is a promising and cost-effective avenue for quality control of radiotherapy treatments such as intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). Systems based on a laser coupled to a photodiode have so far shown the best results within the context of optical scanning of radiosensitive gels, but are very slow (similar to 9 min per slice) and poorly suited to measurements that require many slices. Here, we describe a fast, three-dimensional (3D) optical computed tomography (optical-CT) apparatus, based on a broad, collimated beam, obtained from a high power LED and detected by a charged coupled detector (CCD). The main advantages of such a system are (i) an acquisition speed approximately two orders of magnitude higher than a laser-based system when 3D data are required, and (ii) a greater simplicity of design. This paper advances our previous work by introducing a new design of focusing optics, which take information from a suitably positioned focal plane and project an image onto the CCD. An analysis of the ray optics is presented, which explains the roles of telecentricity, focusing, acceptance angle and depth-of-field (DOF) in the formation of projections. A discussion of the approximation involved in measuring the line integrals required for filtered backprojection reconstruction is given. Experimental results demonstrate (i) the effect on projections of changing the position of the focal plane of the apparatus, (ii) how to measure the acceptance angle of the optics, and (iii) the ability of the new scanner to image both absorbing and scattering gel phantoms. The quality of reconstructed images is very promising and suggests that the new apparatus may be useful in a clinical setting for fast and accurate 3D dosimetry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2055-2075
Number of pages21
JournalPhysics in Medicine and Biology
Volume51
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Apr 2006

Keywords

  • DOSE DISTRIBUTIONS
  • PROJECTION TOMOGRAPHY
  • COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY
  • XYLENOL ORANGE
  • POLYMER GELS
  • CT SCANNER
  • RECONSTRUCTION
  • MICROSCOPY
  • MEDICINE

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