Flux Closure Vortexlike Domain Structures in Ferroelectric Thin Films

Y. Ivry*, D. P. Chu, J. F. Scott, C. Durkan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

91 Citations (Scopus)


Enhanced piezoresponse force microscopy was used to study flux closure vortexlike structures of 90 degrees ferroelastic domains at the nanoscale in thin ferroelectric lead zirconium titanate (PZT) films. Using an external electric field, a vortexlike structure was induced far away from a grain boundary, indicating that physical edges are not necessary for nucleation contrary to previous suggestions. We demonstrate two different configurations of vortexlike structures, one of which has not been observed before. The stability of these structures is found to be size dependent, supporting previous predictions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number207602
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 21 May 2010




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