Flexible nanowire cluster as wearable colorimetric humidity sensor

Zhiqiang Wei, Zhang-Kai Zhou, Qiuyu Li, Jiancai Xue, Andrea Di Falco, Zhongjian Yang, Jianhua Zhou, Xuehua Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)


Wearable plasmonic devices combine the advantages of high flexibility, ultrathinness, light weight, and excellent integration with the optical benefits mediated by plasmon-enhanced electric fields. However, two obstacles severely hinder further developments and applications of a wearable plasmonic device. One is the lack of efficient approach to obtaining devices with robust antimotion-interference property, i.e., the devices can work independently on the morphology changes of their working structures caused by arbitrary wearing conditions. The other issue is to seek a facile and high-throughput fabrication method to satisfy the financial requirement of industrialization. In order to overcome these two challenges, a functional flexible film of nanowire cluster is developed, which can be easily fabricated by taking the advantages of both conventional electrochemical and sputtering methods. Such flexible plasmonic films can be made into wearable devices that work independently on shape changes induced by various wearing conditions (such as bending, twisting and stretching). Furthermore, due to plasmonic advantages of color controlling and high sensitivity to environment changes, the flexible film of nanowire cluster can be used to fabricate wearable items (such as bracelet, clothes, bag, or even commercial markers), with the ability of wireless visualization for humidity sensing.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1700109
Issue number27
Early online date22 May 2017
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jul 2017


  • Colorimetric plasmonic device
  • Nanowire clusters
  • Flexible sensor
  • Functional wearable device


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