Finance-growth nexus and dual-banking systems: relative importance of Islamic banks

Pejman Abedifar, Iftekhar Hasan, Amine Tarazi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)


This paper investigates the relative importance of Islamic banks, alongside their conventional counterparts, in relation to banking and financial development and economic welfare. Using a sample of 22 Muslim countries, with dual-banking systems, during the period 1999–2011, this paper reports some significant positive relationship between the market share of Islamic banks and the development of financial intermediation, financial deepening and economic welfare, particularly in low income or predominantly Muslim countries, and countries with a comparatively higher uncertainty avoidance index. Additionally, the results reveal that a greater market share of Islamic banks is associated with higher efficiency of conventional banks.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)198-215
JournalJournal of Economic Behavior and Organization
Issue numberSupplement
Early online date15 Mar 2016
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2016


  • Banking system structure
  • Financial development
  • Finance-Growth Nexus
  • Islamic banking


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