Fiber-optical analog of the event horizon

Thomas Gerard Philbin, Christopher Edward Kuklewicz, Scott James Robertson, Stephen Matthew Hill, Friedrich Ernst Wilhelm Koenig, Ulf Leonhardt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

480 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The physics at the event horizon resembles the behavior of waves in moving media. Horizons are formed where the local speed of the medium exceeds the wave velocity. We used ultrashort pulses in microstructured optical fibers to demonstrate the formation of an artificial event horizon in optics. We observed a classical optical effect : the blue-shifting of light at a white-hole horizon. We also showed by theoretical calculations that such a system is capable of probing the quantum effects of horizons, in particular Hawking radiation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1367-1370
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume319
Issue number5868
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Mar 2008

Keywords

  • PHOTONIC CRYSTAL FIBERS
  • BLACK-HOLE EVAPORATION
  • QUANTUM PHYSICS
  • LIGHT

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