Few-emitter lasing in single ultra-small nanocavities

Oluwafemi S. Ojambati, Kristin B. Arnardottir, Brendon W. Lovett, Jonathan Keeling, Jeremy J. Baumberg*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Lasers are ubiquitous for information storage, processing, communications, sensing, biological research, and medical applications. To decrease their energy and materials usage, a key quest is to miniaturize lasers down to nanocavities. Obtaining the smallest mode volumes demands plasmonic nanocavities, but for these, gain comes from only single or few emitters. Until now, lasing in such devices was unobtainable due to low gain and high cavity losses. Here, we demonstrate a form of “few emitter lasing” in a plasmonic nanocavity approaching the single-molecule emitter regime. The few-emitter lasing transition significantly broadens, and depends on the number of molecules and their individual locations. We show this non-standard few-emitter lasing can be understood by developing a theoretical approach extending previous weak-coupling theories. Our work paves the way for developing nanolaser applications as well as fundamental studies at the limit of few emitters.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages8
Early online date19 Jan 2024
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 19 Jan 2024


  • Nanocavity
  • Plasmonic nanocavity
  • Nanolaser
  • Emitter
  • Nonlinear light emission


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