Few-cycle fiber pulse compression and evolution of negative resonant radiation

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We present experimental observations of the spectral expansion of fs-pulses compressing in optical fibers. Using the input pulse frequency chirp we are able to scan through the pulse compression spectra and observe in detail the emergence of negative-frequency resonant radiation (NRR), a recently discovered pulse instability coupling to negative frequencies. We observe how the compressing pulse is exciting NRR as long as it overlaps spectrally with the resonant frequency. Furthermore, we observe that optimal pulse compression can be achieved at an optimal input chirp and for an optimal fiber length. Our measurements are supported by simulations of the compressing pulse propagation. The results are important for Kerr-effect pulse compressors, to generate novel light sources, as well as for the observation of quantum vacuum radiation.
Original languageEnglish
Article number063017
Number of pages14
JournalNew Journal of Physics
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jun 2014


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