Fertility and parenthood issues in young female cancer patients - a systematic review

Aleksandra Sobota, Gozde Ozakinci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: For young women who were diagnosed with cancer prior to having children, reproductive potential might affect quality of life (QoL). This systematic review looks at fertility issues in young female cancer patients, focusing on their influence on psychological well-being, specific fertility-related interventions and reproductive decisions.
Methods: Thirteen medical and social science databases were searched for relevant articles up to December 2012, according to PRISMA guidelines. Twenty-six articles meeting the eligibility criteria were included in the review, along with 5 additional papers that missed the inclusion criteria narrowly. Narrative synthesis was used to analyse the studies.
Results: Depression, anxiety, and QoL seemed to be related to the perceptions of reproductive issues rather than to the fertility status based on the type of treatment received. Fertility-related interventions improved patients’ QoL, decisional regret, and decisional conflict. Finally, cancer influenced women’s
reproductive decisions. Pursuing pregnancy was affected mainly by worries about child’s and mother’s health. Decisions about treatment were influenced by the wish to preserve fertility. The generalisability of these results might be undermined by small sample sizes and homogeneity of participants within and
across the studies. Inferences about causality of associations are problematic due to predominantly cross-sectional design.
Implications for cancer survivors: The existing literature gives preliminary insight into the importance of fertility for young women diagnosed with cancer. However, more research is needed in order to offer
patients comprehensive care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)707-721
JournalJournal of Cancer Survivorship
Volume8
Issue number4
Early online date8 Aug 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2014

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Fertility
  • Parenthood
  • Women
  • Review
  • Decision

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