Femtosecond cellular transfection using a non-diffracting beam - art. no. 68541L

X. Tsampoula, V. Garces-Chavez, M. Comrie, David James Stevenson, B. Agate, C. T. A. Brown, F. Gunn-Moore, K. Dholakia

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Efficient DNA delivery into single living cells would be a very powerful capability for cell biologists for elucidating basic cellular functions but also in other fields such as applied drug discovery and gene therapy. The ability to gently permeate the cell membrane and introduce foreign DNA with the assistance of lasers is a powerful methodology but requires exact focusing due to the required two-photon power density. Here, we demonstrate a laser-mediated delivery method of the red fluorescent protein DS-RED into Chinese hamster Ovary (CHO) cells. We used an elongated beam of light created by a Bessel beam (BB) which obviates the need to locate precisely the cell membrane, permitting two-photon excitation along a line leading to cell transfection. Assuming a threshold for transfection of 20%, the BB gives us transfection over twenty times the axial distance compared to the Gaussian beam of equivalent core diameter. In addition, by exploiting the BB property of reconstruction, we demonstrate successful transfection of CHO cells which involves the BB passing through an obstructive layer and re forming itself prior to reaching the cell membrane. In the light of this exciting result, one can envisage the possibility of achieving transfection through multiple cell monolayer planes and tissues using this novel light field, eliminating this way the stringent requirements for tight focusing.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSPIE
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2008


  • transfection
  • mammalian cells
  • femtosecond pulses
  • lasers
  • Bessel beam
  • reconstruction property


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