Feasibility of outpatient daycase local anaesthestic Rezūm™ without sedation

S. Khadhouri*, S. Guillaumier, L. Drummond, B. Dreyer, C. Clelland, F Al Jaafari

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Rezūm™ is a relatively new bladder outflow obstruction (BOO) procedure that uses thermal energy through water vapour to cause necrosis of prostatic tissue. The standard delivery of this treatment is in an operating theatre under a general or spinal anaesthetic, or under local anaesthetic with sedation that requires patient monitoring.

We propose an outpatient daycase method of delivering Rezūm™ under local anaesthetic without sedation, using a prostatic local anaesthetic block and cold local anaesthetic gel instillation into the urethra.

Preliminary results of our first thirteen patients demonstrate the feasibility of this new technique, with a mean pain score of 2.1 out of 10 on a visual analogue scale, a successful trial without catheter in all 13 patients (one patient voided successfully on second trial), a reduction in mean International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) from 20.6 to 5.4, and improvement in maximum flow from 8.8 ml/s to 14.4 ml/s. The complications were minor (Clavien-Dindo less than III) and included a UTI, minor bleeding not requiring admission, and retrograde ejaculation.

We demonstrate that an outpatient local anaesthetic daycase service without sedation is feasible. This can be delivered in a clinic setting, reduce waiting times for BOO surgery, and increase availability of operating theatre for other general anaesthetic urological procedures.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBMC Urology
Publication statusPublished - 4 Apr 2024


  • Rezum
  • Local anaesthetic
  • Outpatient
  • Daycase
  • Bladder outflow obstruction surgery
  • Minimally invasive surgical treatment
  • BOO
  • BOO surgery
  • MIST


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