Feasibility and pilot study of an intervention to support active lifestyles in youth with type 1 diabetes

Fiona Mitchell, Louise Wilkie, Kenneth Robertson, John J. Reilly, Alison Kirk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
2 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background: Evidence suggests youth with type 1 diabetes (T1D) have lower levels of physical activity (PA) than the general population. The ActivPals intervention aimed to support youth with T1D to lead an active lifestyle.

Methods:  Twenty youth aged 7 to 16 years with T1D were recruited to a pilot randomized controlled trial. PA and quality of life (QoL) were measured using Actigraph GT3X+ monitor and Pediatric QoL scales at baseline and 1-month follow-up. A two-way, mixed ANOVA showed indicative effects of the intervention. Qualitative interviews were carried out with 16 participants to explore perceptions of the intervention.

Results:   An increase in moderate to vigorous PA was reported in intervention and control groups from baseline to follow-up (F(1, 14) = 5.83; P = .03), with no significance between group differences. Participants in both groups reported significantly less overall diabetes “problems” (F(1, 16) = 7.93; P = .012) and significantly less lifestyle “problems” (F(1, 16) = 7.39; P = .015) at follow-up. However, both groups also reported significant increases in “problems” with the day-to-day diabetes routine (F(1,16) = 6.48; P = .022) at follow-up. Parents reported significant increased worry about their child's diabetes at follow-up, in both groups (F(1, 14) = 5.83; P = .046). There was no significant increase in reported hypoglycemic occurrences despite increased PA. The qualitative data highlight that goal setting, self-monitoring, and social support were effective motivators for increasing PA.

Conclusions: A larger trial with longer follow-up should be conducted to explore the effect of the intervention on PA in youth with T1D.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)443-449
JournalPediatric Diabetes
Volume19
Issue number3
Early online date24 Nov 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2018

Keywords

  • Intervention
  • Physical activity
  • Type 1 diabetes
  • Youth

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Feasibility and pilot study of an intervention to support active lifestyles in youth with type 1 diabetes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this