Factors affecting the preparation of ordered mesoporous ZrO2 using the replica method

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Abstract

SBA-15 was employed as the hard template in the preparation of ordered mesoporous ZrO2 by the replica method. The resultant ZrO2-SR product was characterized by XRD, TEM, EDX, SEM and nitrogen physisorption. The starting material, intermediate and product were studied by FT-IR. The formation of Zr-O-Si crosslinks made it impossible to obtain a pure ZrO2 product, although the material did have a similar ordered mesoporous structure to the SBA-15 template. The results showed that the replica method itself could be successfully used to prepare ordered mesoporous ZrO2, but that the use of mesoporous silica as the hard template meant that the silicon could not be completely removed from the product. The product was seen to contain both the normally stable monoclinic form of zirconia as well as the metastable tetragonal phase. The presence of the latter was considered to be related to the constriction of particle size by the SBA-15 template and by the Si-containing surface layer. These could both hinder sintering of the zirconia particles and prevent crystallite growth to sizes above the critical size, where the tetragonal phase would not be expected. The mesoporous zirconia product had a specific surface area of 220 m(2) g(-1) and a pore volume of 0.57 cm(3) g(-1), making it of great interest for applications as a support in catalysis and electrocatalysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5200-5207
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry
Volume18
Issue number43
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Keywords

  • ZIRCONIUM OXO PHOSPHATE
  • HIGH THERMAL-STABILITY
  • HIGH-SURFACE-AREA
  • OXIDE FUEL-CELL
  • METAL-OXIDES
  • CRYSTALLINE WALLS
  • MAGNESIUM-OXIDE
  • CMK-3 CARBON
  • SILICA
  • ROUTE

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