Exploring the magnetic topologies of cool stars

J. Morin, J.-F. Donati, P. Petit, L. Albert, M. Auriére, R. Cabanac, C. Catala, X. Delfosse, B. Dintrans, R. Fares, T. Forveille, T. Gastine, M. Jardine, R. Konstantinova-Antova, J. Lanoux, F. Lignires, A. Morgenthaler, F. Paletou, J. C. Ramirez Velez, S. K. SolankiS. Thado, V. Van Grootel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Magnetic fields of cool stars can be directly investigated through the study of the Zeeman effect on photospheric spectral lines using several approaches. With spectroscopic measurement in unpolarised light, the total magnetic flux averaged over the stellar disc can be derived but very little information on the field geometry is available. Spectropolarimetry provides a complementary information on the large-scale magnetic topology. With Zeeman-Doppler Imaging (ZDI), this information can be retrieved to produce a map of the vector magnetic field at the surface of the star, and in particular to assess the relative importance of the poloidal and toroidal components as well as the degree of axisymmetry of the field distribution. The development of high-performance spectropolarimeters associated with multi-lines techniques and ZDI allows us to explore magnetic topologies throughout the Hertzsprung-Russel diagram, on stars spanning a wide range of mass, age and rotation period. These observations bring novel constraints on magnetic field generation by dynamo effect in cool stars. In particular, the study of solar twins brings new insight on the impact of rotation on the solar dynamo, whereas the detection of strong and stable dipolar magnetic fields on fully convective stars questions the precise role of the tachocline in this process.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Physics of Sun and Star Spots
EditorsD.P. Choudhary, K.G. Strassmeier
PublisherCambridge University Press
Pages181-187
ISBN (Print)9780521760621
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2011
EventThe Physics of Sun and Star Spots - Los Angeles, United States
Duration: 22 Aug 201026 Aug 2010

Publication series

NameProceedings of the International Astronomical Union
PublisherCambridge University Press
NumberS273
Volume6
ISSN (Print)1743-9213
ISSN (Electronic)1743-9221

Conference

ConferenceThe Physics of Sun and Star Spots
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityLos Angeles
Period22/08/1026/08/10

Keywords

  • Stars: low-mass
  • Brown dwarfs
  • Stars: magnetic fields
  • Stars: activity
  • Stars: rotation
  • Techniques: spectroscopic
  • Techniques: polarimetric

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