It has been postulated that 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+) blocks mitochondrial respiration by combining at the same site as rotenone, a potent inhibitor of NADH oxidation in mitochondria, known to act at the junction of NADH dehydrogenase and coenzyme Q (CoQ). The present experiments show that MPP+ and two of its analogs indeed act in a concentration dependent manner to prevent the binding of [14C]-rotenone to submitochondrial particles (ETP) and significantly decrease the inhibition of electron transport caused by rotenone. It therefore appears that MPP+ binds at the same site as rotenone or an adjacent site, supporting the hypothesis that its neurotoxic action is due to the inhibition of mitochondrial respiration.
|Number of pages
|Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
|Published - 31 May 1990