Evidence of robust half-metallicity in strained manganite films

Gian Marco Pierantozzi, Giovanni Vinai, Aleksandr Yu Petrov, Alessandro De Vita, Federico Motti, Vincent Polewczyk, Debashis Mondal, Tommaso Pincelli, Riccardo Cucini, Chiara Bigi, Ivana Vobornik, Jun Fujii, Piero Torelli, Francesco Offi, Giorgio Rossi, Giancarlo Panaccione, Francesco Borgatti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigated the relationship between ferromagnetism and metallicity in strained La0.67Ca0.33MnO3 films grown on lattice-mismatched NdGaO3 (001) by means of spectroscopic techniques directly sensitive to the ferromagnetic state, to the band structure, and to the chemical state of the atoms. In this system, the ferromagnetic metallic (FMM) phase spatially coexists with an insulating one in most of the phase diagram. First, the observation of an almost 100% spin polarization of the photoelectrons at the Fermi level in the fundamental state provides direct evidence of the half-metallicity of the FMM phase, a result that has been previously observed through direct probing of the valence band only on unstrained, phase-homogeneous La0.67Sr0.33MnO3. Second, the spin polarization results to be correlated with the occupancy at the Fermi level for all the investigated temperature regimes. These outcomes show that the half-metallic behavior predicted by a double-exchange model persists even in phase-separated manganites. Moreover, the correlation between metallicity and ferromagnetic alignment is confirmed by X-ray magnetic circular dichroism, a more bulk-sensitive technique, allowing one to explain transport properties in terms of the conduction through aligned FMM domains.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14430-14437
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume125
Issue number26
Early online date28 Jun 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 28 Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Thin films
  • Magnetic properties
  • Quantum mechanics
  • Transition metals
  • Polarization

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