Evidence for post-translational regulation of NrtA, the Aspergillus nidulans high-affinity nitrate transporter

Ye Wang, Wenbin Li, Yaeesh Siddiqi, James R. Kinghorn, Shiela E. Unkles, Anthony D. M. Glass

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Here, influx and efflux of (NO3-)-N-13, and net fluxes of (NO3-)-N-14 and (NO2-)-N-14 were measured in Aspergillus nidulans mutants niaD171 and niiA5, devoid of nitrate reductase (NR) and nitrite reductase (NiR) activities, respectively.

Transcript and protein abundances of NrtA, the A. nidulans principal high-affinity NO 3 transporter, were determined using semiquantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and western blots, respectively.

(NO3-)-N-13 influx in niaD171 was negligible relative to wild-type values, whereas efflux to influx ratios increased nine-fold. Nevertheless, NrtA mRNA and NrtA protein were expressed at levels more than two-fold and three-fold higher, respectively, in niaD171 than in the wild-type strain.

This is the first demonstration of diminished high-affinity NO3- influx associated with elevated transporter levels, providing evidence that, in addition to transcriptional regulation, control of NrtA expression operates at the post-translational level. This mechanism allows for rapid control of NO3- transport at the protein level, reduces the extent of futile cycling of NO3- that would otherwise represent a significant energy drain when influx exceeds the capacity for assimilation or storage, and may be responsible for the rapid switching between the on and off state that is associated with simultaneous provision of NH4+ to mycelia absorbing NO3-.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)699-706
Number of pages8
JournalNew Phytologist
Volume175
Issue number4
Early online date16 Jun 2007
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2007

Keywords

  • nitrate reductase
  • nitrate transport
  • nitrite efflux
  • NrtA
  • post-translational regulation
  • ARABIDOPSIS-THALIANA
  • REDUCTASE
  • BARLEY
  • ASSIMILATION
  • EXPRESSION
  • AMMONIUM
  • INFLUX
  • GENE
  • INHIBITION
  • GENERATION

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