Evidence for a non-zero Lambda and a low matter density from a combined analysis of the 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey and cosmic microwave background anisotropies

G Efstathiou, S Moody, J A Peacock, W J Percival, C Baugh, J Bland-Hawthorn, T Bridges, R Cannon, S Cole, M Colless, C Collins, W Couch, G Dalton, R De Propris, S P Driver, R S Ellis, C S Frenk, K Glazebrook, C Jackson, O LahavI Lewis, S Lumsden, S Maddox, P Norberg, B A Peterson, W Sutherland, K Taylor, 2dFGRS Team

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We perform a joint likelihood analysis of the power spectra of the 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey (2dFGRS) and the cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropies under the assumptions that the initial fluctuations were adiabatic, Gaussian and well described by power laws with scalar and tensor indices of n(s) and n(t). On its own, the 2dFGRS sets Light limits on the parameter combination Omega(m)h, but relatively weak limits on the fraction of the cosmic matter density in baryons Omega(b)/Omega(m)- (Here h is Hubble's constant H-0 in units of 100 km s(-1) Mpc(-1). The cosmic densities in baryons, cold dark matter and vacuum energy are denoted by Omega(b), Omega(c) and Omega(Lambda), respectively. The total matter density is Omega(m) = Omega(b) + Omega(c) and the curvature is fixed by Omega(k) = 1 - Omega(m) - Omega(Lambda).) The CMB anisotropy data alone set poor constraints on the cosmological constant and Hubble constant because of a 'geometrical degeneracy' among parameters. Furthermore, if tensor modes are allowed, the CMB data allow a wide range of values for the physical densities in baryons; and cold dark matter (omega(b) = Omegabh(2) and omega(c) = Omega(c)h(2)). Combining the CMB and 2dFGRS data sets helps to break both the geometrical and tensor mode degeneracies. The values of the parameters derived here are consistent with the predictions of the simplest models of inflation, with the baryon density derived from primordial nucleosynthesis and with direct measurements of the Hubble parameter. In particular, we find strong evidence for a positive cosmological constant with a +/-2sigma, range of 0.65 < &UOmega;(&ULambda;) < 0.85, independently of constraints on Omega(Lambda) derived from Type Ia supernovae.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages7
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Publication statusPublished - 21 Feb 2002


  • galaxies : clusters : general
  • cosmic microwave background
  • cosmology : miscellaneous
  • large-scale structure of Universe
  • MAPS


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