Ethylene Oligomerization Using First-Row Transition Metal Complexes Featuring Heterocyclic Variants of Bis(imino)pyridine Ligands

Kenny Tenza, Martin J. Hanton, Alexandra M. Z. Slawin

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63 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This report examines the replacement of the imine and pyridine functionalities of the ubiquitous bis(imino)pyridine ligand with various heterocycles. The synthesis of a new class of ligand based around thiazole is described, 2,4-bis[1-(arylimino)ethyl]thiazole (aryl = Ph, 1a; Dipp, 1b) and 2,5-bis[1-(arylimino)ethyl]thiazole (aryl = Ph, 1c, Dipp, 1d) have been prepared in good yield and fully characterized. The coordination chemistry of these ligands with chromium, iron, and cobalt is explored, and the potential of these complexes as ethylene oligomerization initiators is assessed. The chromium complex 2a shows an extremely unusual alternating distribution of higher alpha-olefin products, which has been previously observed on only one occasion. Both series of products, C-4n and C4n+2, show Schulz-Flory behavior but with distinctly different k values. The new ligand 2,5-bis[1-(phenylimino)ethyl]-1-methylpyrrole (1e) is reported along with the attempted synthesis of some corresponding iron complexes. The complexation of chromium by 2,5-bis(phenyliminomethyl)thiophene (1f) is also described, and this material was screened for ethylene oligomerization activity, detailed studies indicating that the ligand may be labile tinder catalytic conditions. A number of other known heterocyclic ligands incorporating pyrazolyl and benzimidazole functionalities have also been explored with iron, and for the first time their potential to facilitate ethylene oligomerization was assessed. All complexes have been tested via activation with MMAO-3A and AlEt3/[Ph3C]Al(O'Bu-F)(4)].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4852-4867
Number of pages16
JournalOrganometallics
Volume28
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Aug 2009

Keywords

  • LINEAR ALPHA-OLEFINS
  • BEARING 2,6-BIS(IMINO)PYRAZINE LIGANDS
  • TRIDENTATE PYRAZOLYL LIGANDS
  • COBALT(II) BIS-HALIDES
  • HIGHLY-ACTIVE IRON
  • POLYMERIZATION CATALYSTS
  • NICKEL(II) COMPLEXES
  • NITROGEN LIGANDS
  • DIIMINE LIGANDS
  • DONOR

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